CCR’s Periodic Permanent Magnet (PPM) focused klystron completed bakeout today. The tube is currently being prepared for high power testing at Communications & Power Industries, LLC. The klystron is being developed for a new generation of cancer therapy machines (CLINACs) produced by Varian Medical Systems, Inc. The PPM-focused klystron would replace traditional solenoid-focused klystrons, reducing the size and weight of the system.
The klystron is designed to produce 5.5 MW RF pulses at 2.856 GHz at approximately 50% efficiency. This development is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through grant number DE-SC0007591.
A major milestone was achieved in fabrication of the diamond Brewster window when the brazed diamond disk assembly was successfully welded into the stainless steel support structure. This was the final assembly step potentially stressing the diamond.
The diamond Brewster window is designed to transmit up to 1.5 MW of RF power continuously from 100 – 140 GHz. The window will be mounted in 63.5 mm diameter HE11 waveguide and forwarded to General Atomic for testing in the ECH transmission line at DIII-D. It will be tested using 110 GHz gyrotrons at the maximum power and pulse width available.
The window is compatible with the Direct Coupler developed by CCR for extracting RF power from gyrotrons in HE11 waveguide. The Direct Coupler and Brewster window would allow development of broadband, high-power, long-pulse/CW gyrotrons for electron cyclotron heating, parasitic more suppression, and current drive in tokamaks.
This program is funded by U.S. Department of Energy Grant DE-SC0006212.
During the past several months, we’ve been extensively testing BOA beta version 6.3 and it is now ready for primetime. It uses the latest Simmetrix solid model and meshing libraries and the most recent DisLin plotting library for portability and implementation of UI interfaces. New features are listed below. More detailed information is available in the Release Notes at http://calcreek.com/products/software/.
New features in BOA v6.3 include:
• Option to use Inverse Cumulative Density Function technique for thermal effects in thermionic emission,
• More intuitive and simplified menu for beam optics display pane, especially for model background and symmetries,
• Models with built-in symmetries can now be specified.
• Both global and project level persistent preferences can be set via File, Options and View, User View Preferences, respectively,
• Parallel IO particle data are now available,
• Ability to plot images of power density from a 3D surface in either color or gray scale. Display power density on 3D surfaces in either color or gray scale,
• Plot emittances or brightnesses along a global or arbitrary axis.
• Injection of particles with arbitrary coordinates without specifying an injection plane in model. This is convenient for multipactoring ePIC simulations.
CCR’s Periodic Permanent Magnet (PPM) Focused klystron was sealed in on Friday and is now waiting for a bakeout oven. The tube is targeted for a new generation of cancer therapy devices. Elimination of solenoid focusing will allow a smaller package and downsizing of the medical equipment. The klystron is designed to produce 5.5 MW of pulsed RF power at 128 kV. A critical challenge was maintaining relatively high efficiency for a tube operating at high perveance. This klystron is a prototype and allows measurement of body current to determine beam transmission and includes tuners for several cavities. It will be tested at Communications & Power Industries, LLC, the industrial partner on this program. More information is available on the Research page .
This program is funded by U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-SC0007591.